Whether consider the archaeological reserves or call as the historical beauty, these top 10 forts of Pakistan are….
Whether consider the archaeological reserves or call as the historical beauty, these top 10 forts of Pakistan are….
Whether consider the archaeological reserves or call as the historical beauty, these top 10 forts of Pakistan are standing as architectural masterpieces with all their dignity. These top 10 forts of Pakistan play a vital role to rank Pakistan among the list of best tourist attractions worldwide. Here we are bringing you on an amusing journey to explore the infotainment hidden in the forts of Pakistan.
The identity of the central city of Lahore and among the top forts of Pakistan, Royal Fort is located in the walled city in western corner. Commonly, it’s known as Shahi Qila which means royal fort. The present structure is attributed by Mughal emperor Akbar who rebuilt the fort in the 17th century. Its total area is over 20 hectares and the rules of Mughal, Sikh and British contributed to its development. Let’s talk about its existing structure which has two gates. One is Alamgiri Gate, built by Emperor Aurangzeb which opens towards Badshahi Mosque, Second is Maseeti or Masjidi Gate, built by Emperor Akbar which opens towards Masti Gate area of Lahore. Alamgiri Gate is used as the main entrance, whereas the second gate is completely dismissed for the passing.
Although, the entire fort has remarkable architecture, but its 3 famous portions are its highlights. The Sheesh Mehal is a palace of mirrors which is made of crystals and fine white marbles having a glamorous effect in its ceiling still in present times. Moreover, fort has 11 gates named as Sohail Gate, Shah Chandwali , Shishi , Kabuli, Langar Khani, Talaqi, Kashmiri, Khwas Khani, Gatali, Tulla Mori, Sar and Pipalwala Gate. Dewan-e-Khas is the place where emperors were used to deal with matters of the state. Whereas, Dewan-e-Am was dedicated to masses where they address emperors on social issues.
This monument is the reflection of Mughal’s great history of architecture. 1981 was the year when UNESCO privileged Lahore Fort as the part of world heritage.
Located in Dina town, near the Jhelum city, Rohtas Fort is ranked among the top forts of Pakistan. It was built by king Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 to 1547 AD.. The actual purpose behind constructing this fort was to detach the strength of local tribes of Potohar called Gakhars. The King wanted to use the Rohtas Fort in war and yearned to save his rule. Regarding architecture, the fort is 5.2 km in its area which is beautifully surrounded by hills. On most of its parts, there is a fine work of ashlar stones.- Rohtas fort has 11 gates named as Sohail, Shah Chandwali, Langer Kahni, Kabuli, Shosho, Talarqi, KKhwas Khani, Gatali, Pipalwala, Mor and Sar Gate.
In Hunza valley, Altit Fort is known for having a bird eye view of old famous Shahra-e-Resham. It is located in Karimabad. It’s considered that fort is around 900 years old which privileges it as the earliest monument of Gilgit-Baltistan. Royal garden and its famous paths, apricot, and orchard trees add much more attributes to the beauty of Altit Fort. Altit Fort has been a center of tourist attraction since 2007. Before this fort has been suffered from a great structural misery but with the collaboration of Government of Norway and Japan, Agha Khan Trust has rebuilt it and helped it to become a part of amazing tourism points in Hunza valley.
Baltit Fort is another famous fort located in Hunza valley, Gilgit Baltistan region. Baltit fort is known for its historical significance. Having its origins 700 years back, Baltit Fort is one of the most ancient monuments of the country. -This fort has experienced many alterations and updates in its structure over the centuries. In the 16th century, the princess of Baltistan got married to the local prince and got this fort as a dedication of her dowry. Taking this fort as the wonderful tourist attraction, it’s a wooden and stone=structure built aside of Ultar Sar glacier. You can have view of the whole city of Karimabad from up here.
Derawar Fort is one of the forts of Pakistan which is in its good condition in the present times. This fort was the residence of the royal family of Bahawalpur, It is situated 48 Km from Dera Nawab Sahib, in city Bahawalpur. Having the circumference of 1,500 m, Derawar Fort is the largest fort Pakistan. Its walls are up to 30 meters high. Hindu Rajput, Rai Jajja Bhati of Jaisalmer built the fort in 9th-century ADs and were named as Dera Rawar Fort which later became Derawar.
Kirthar mountain range is famous in Jamshoro District of Sindh which is home to Ranikot Fort. Its circumference of approximately 26 kilometers is the reason of being the largest fort in the world. Ranikot Fort is famous as the wall of Sindh. Due to its structural misery, it was reconstructed by Mir Karam Ali Khan Talpur and his brother Mir Murad Ali in 1812. A beautiful architecture with strategic structure indicates the competence of masterminds of that age.
Being situated alongside the Neelum River in Kashmir, a red fort is another ideal archaeological place having scenic beauty. Red Fort is also known as Muzaffarabad fort. It was built in 1646, hence famous as one of the most ancient forts of Pakistan. The awe-inspiring architecture reflects the expertise of constructors of that age. Red Fort looks an iconic part of scenery when it seems from its three sides which are beautifully surrounded by Neelum River.
Among leading tourist attractions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Bala Hisar fort is situated in Peshawar. It was the residence of Afghan Kings in the early 19th century. The name Bala Hisar means the elevated high fort. Its artistic view of great architecture amuses visitors a lot.
The Noor Mehal was known as the residence of Nawab of princelet state of Bahawalpur during British Raj. Its royal architecture truly depicts its grace looks like a palace. A dramatic historical incident is associated with Noor Mehal. As it was built in 1872 by Nawab Subah Sadiq IV who dedicated this palace to his wife. She spent one night in this fort and second day, she refused to stay anymore as her wife came to know that there was a graveyard along it.
While talking about the top forts of Pakistan, the beautiful Sadiq Garh Palace also deserves to be mentioned. Being hosted in Punjab province, this ancient but glorious palace is situated in Dera Nawab Sahib, Bahawalpur District. Sadiq Garh palace was commissioned by the King of Bahawalpur, Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan in 1882. Engineers constructed this beautiful masterpiece of Bahawalpur within the period of 10 years. The beautiful dome in its center and bastion in every corner enhance the grace. Lush lawns and a large wall encompass the Sadiq Garh palace.
Attainment of spirituality and submission of devotion, the sacred place to worship for the Muslims is called mosque. Indeed, the antique structure and beautiful architecture with domes and minarets rank the mosques of Pakistan among the greatest and most beautiful mosques of the world.
Here we are presenting the most famous and prominent mosques of Pakistan.
Privileged as the largest mosque of Pakistan, Faisal mosque is located under the beautiful surroundings of Foothills of Margalla Hills in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. The mosque started to build in 1976 and named after the name of Saudi King Shah Faisal who granted 130 million Saudi Riyals as a gift for its construction.
If we talk about the distinct architecture of the mosque, the design of the Turkish architect was selected after conducting an International campaign. Unlike conventional design, Faisal mosque has contemporary architecture having eight-sided concrete shells which are truly inspired by Bedouin Tent. Faisal Mosque is the most desired and visited tourist attraction of its region that no one wants to miss it while exploring Pakistan for a very first time.
Live hearted place Lahore is known for its one of the most beautiful historical monument, Badshahi Mosque. Located in the West of Lahore Fort, now this iconic landmark is a part of the Greater Iqbal Park in Lahore. Being in the ideal park with other historical monuments have made it more valued and a must visited tourism charm.
As Badshahi Mosques was built in Mughal era and commissioned by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in 1671, it’s exterior truly resembles with the architecture of Mughal era and is embellished with red sandstone and marble inlay. It was the largest mosque and center of the attention of the Mughal era and still have great fame in the list of top mosques around the globe.
Having rich traditional exterior, it’s Shah Jahan Mosque which is located in Thatta, Sindh province of Pakistan. It would be quite interesting to know that the mosque was gifted by Mughal King Shah Jahan to the masses of Sindh as a reward of the great-hearted hospitality. The mosque was completely built in 1647.
It is unique in this way that it contains no minarets but has a total of a staggering, 100 domes, the highest for any structure in Pakistan. Unlike other Mughal-era structures, it also does not contain pink sandstone.
Like another feather in Lahore’s cap, Grand Jamia Mosque has been recently built in Bahria Town, Lahore, Pakistan. Having a capacity for 70,000 worshipers, it’s privileged for being the third greatest mosque of Pakistan and seventh greatest mosque in the world.
Tooba Mosque, Karachi
This one of the most attractive mosques of Pakistan is situated in Karachi, Sindh province. Its distinctive architecture was designed by Pakistani architect Dr. Babar Hamid Chauhan and the engineering services were performed by Zaheer Haider Naqvi. It’s known as the largest single dome having a mosque of the world.
Bhong Mosque, Bhong
This is one of the recently built mosques of Pakistan during the last few decades. Bhong mosque is commendable for 90’s structure and is located in the backward area of Bhong village of District Sadiqabad, Rahim Yar Khan District in Southern Punjab province.
Its construction took time of 50 years from 1932-1982. Because of its exquisite architecture, Bhong mosque is privileged with 2 Awards, one won Aga Khan Award in 1986 and second was Sitara-e-Imtiaz granted in 2004.
Mahabat Khan Mosque, Peshawar
Another mosque of Mughal era, situated in Peshawar city in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It was built in 17th century on the name of the Mughal governor of Peshawar at that time, Nawab Mahabat Khan. He was designated as governor in the reign of 2 great Mughal emperors, Aurangzeb and Shah Jahan.
An interesting thing about the mosque is its name is been mispronounced with Muhabbat Khan (Love) khan but it is in actual Mahabat Khan.
Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore
The mosque is one of the masterpieces of architectures of Mughal era. It’s located in the city of Lahore, capital of Punjab province of Pakistan. It got 7 years in the completion of this versatile mosque from 1634 to 1641.
It was the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan when the mosque was commissioned by the Mughal governor of Lahore named Shaikh Ilum Uddin Ansari who was commonly known as Wazir Khan. The design of the mosque true interpretation of Mughal architecture and famous among tourists because of its wonderful tile work.
Moti Mosque, Lahore Fort
One of the superior architectures commissioned by Mughal emperor Shah Jehan is Moti Mosque which is located inside the area of Lahore Fort. The location is on the western side of the fort near the main entrance gate called Alamgiri gate.
It was the religious building of 17th century. Its structure is made of white marble and is included in the attractive spots of Lahore Fort complex. The white marble was brought from Makrana which is another specialty of this material.
Adjacent to CMH Jhelum, this another beautiful place of worship is situated in Jhelum Cantonment Pakistan. The mosque also is known as DIV headquarter/DIV mosque. Muhammad Ayub Khan laid its foundation in 1951. CMH mosque is one of the largest mosques of Pakistan having the capacity to encompass 25,000 people at the same time.
Situated in the walled city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. Also known as a golden mosque and was built in a late-Mughal era in 1753. Its architecture was designed by Nawab Bukhari Khan who was the deputy governor of Lahore in the reign of Muhammad Shah.
Although, Sunehri mosque also built in the 17th century unlike Badshahi and Wazir Khan mosque, the construction period of this mosque experienced a decline of Mughal empire.
Dai Anga Mosque, Lahore
As Lahore is home to Pakistan’s leading mosques, Dai Anga mosque also located in this city in the southeast os railway station. Dai Anga mosque is named after the wet nurse of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan and was built in her honor in 1635.
Similar to Wazir Khan mosque, its exterior is decorated with fine tiles and design depicts a true picture of Mughal architectures.
As Lahore is a glorious metropolitan area of the country and suburbs are more expanding its territory. Sukh Chayn Gardens Housing estate is another tremendous addition to its suburbanization and the community is renown for its stunning mosque called Sukh Chayn Masjid. Its architecture is quite unique and has embellished the look of the entire community.
One of the most ancient mosques of Pakistan, Jamia mosque is situated in Khudabad, Dadu, Sindh province. History depicts that it was the reign of Yaar Muhammad Kalhoro when it was built between the time period of 1700-1718.
Having a fine and simple design, its architecture narrates a story of elegant construction patterns of that time.
Kuzkandi Jamia Mosque
The biggest mosque of Baghdad District of Mardan in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Simple and distinct in its exterior and contains a large open area which makes the sitting area airy and lighted.
No doubt, Pakistan lies in the list of top countries having the greatest and most beautiful mosques in the world. To explore the leading mosques of Pakistan and to get the bounties of such sacred journey, let you extend your tourism expedition because the list is quite lengthy.