Bahawalpur is a city in Punjab province and is the capital of the Bahawalpur District and is the thirteenth most populous metropolitan zone of Pakistan.
The forefather of this state was Nawab Bahawal Khan Abbasi I. The Abbasi family administered over the State for over 200 years (1748 to 1954). During the rule of the last Nawab Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Abbasi V, This State was joined with Pakistan in 1954. It was in the past the capital of the state and now is the District and Divisional Headquarters of Bahawalpur Division.
After the freedom of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs moved to India while the Muslims immigrants from India settled down in this state. It turned into a territory of Pakistan in 1952 and was joined into the area of West Pakistan on 14 October 1955. At the point when West Pakistan was partitioned into four provinces — Sindh, Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Punjab — Bahawalpur was merged in Punjab.